Written and Published by Han Institute, December 3, 2012
Potsdam Declaration, Clause 8 Binding Enforcement of Cairo Declaration
The free world's tragedy is that the gallant leaders in WWII, Roosevelt and Churchill did not stay in power. Roosevelt died unexpectedly in April 1945, and Churchill lost the election in July 1945 and sank in depression. Only Stalin continued to prevail.
Churchill coined the phrase "Iron curtain". He foresaw that the Soviets would dominate a large part of the world with an iron grip, as Central Europe and East Europe's main cities, like Warsaw, Prague, and Budapest all fell into the Communist camp.
Churchill had foresight to know that the free world would have to fight the Cold War against the Soviets. He didn't foresee the eventual 1989 Soviet collapse, but he knew the Cold War would be long and difficult. The biggest tragedy is the Communist China is rising and emerging to take over the world. This is like the world capitulating, even though the Soviet Union is defunct.
The Chinese Nationalist group who helped the allies in military and intelligence were pushed out of power by Chiang Kai-shek. After Pearl Harbor was attacked, we helped General Doolittle to counter attack Tokyo to regenerate confidence. We helped decoding Japanese codes which led to victory in the Battle of Midway.
Roosevelt kept secrets to himself. Chiang would not reveal his topmost secret in his diary. But if you can understand the legal workings and the commitment and sacrifice that China had to give in exchange in order to recover the lost sovereignty of Manchuria and Taiwan, you would know the secret of why Chiang Refused to take Okinawa back. I will tell you formally in my book by familiarizing you with the personal traits and characters that went into the works so you can appreciate my conjecture. To condemn Chiang Kai-shek as being unpatriotic for losing Okinawa, or to call him a traitor, is to lose track of the larger picture and the true compassionate Nationalist works.
The Potsdam conference confirmed and finalized the agreements made during the Cairo conference, and resulted in the Potsdam Declaration.
The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender is a statement that called for the Surrender of the Empire of Japan during World War II. On July 26, 1945, United States President Harry S. Truman, United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China Chiang Kai-shek issued the document, which outlined the terms of surrender for the Empire of Japan as agreed upon at the Potsdam Conference.
Clause Eight of the Potsdam Declaration was that:
"Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine." As had been announced in the Cairo Declaration in 1943.
The Cairo Declaration stated that:
"All the territories Japan has taken from China such as Manchuria (Dongbei), Formosa (Taiwan), and the Pescadores (Penghu), shall be restored to the Republic of China."
Please note that the sovereignty of Taiwan and Manchuria were surrendered to the Republic of China, not the People's Republic of China, and that the Republic of China was clearly recognized as the only legitimate government of China by Churchill and Roosevelt.
Return to main page